(PhysOrg.com) — A new study of the skeletal fossils of Neanderthal and Early modern man suggest the lack of a “throwing arm” may have made the difference in human evolution. Researchers Jill A. Rhodes and Steven Churchill, evolutionary anthropologists published their findings in the January 2009 edition of the Journal of Human Evolution. The paper entitled, “Throwing in the Middle and Upper Paleolithic: inferences from an analysis of humeral retroversion,” provides some clues to the extinction of Neanderthal. Projectile weaponry was an important component of early man’s survival toolkit. Traces of projectile weaponry have been found in Africa dating back some 80,000 years. The mass migration by early man out of Africa into Europe some 40,000 to 50,000 years ago, show early European man developed and used bow and arrows and other projectile devices. The Rhodes/Churchill small sampling of Neanderthal’s skeletal remains indicate he was outmatched by early modern man’s development of a “throwing arm”. This anatomical feature is measured by the degree of humeral retroversion in the dominant arm and in bilateral asymmetry. Neanderthal’s short squat body, massive limbs and lack of backward displacement at the shoulder joint may have hampered their ability to incorporate projectile weaponry. According to Jill Rhoades, an evolutionary anthropologist examinations of early modern European fossils show the backward displacement at the shoulder joint, but none of the small sampling of Neanderthal’s skeletal remains carry this anatomical characteristic. Modern athletes like baseball pitchers have this characteristic in one shoulder joint and it is referred to generally as their “throwing arm”. When engaging in over head throwing activity, such as throwing a baseball or a spear, this increases the movement of the muscles and gives greater velocity and speed to the throw, according to Steven Churchill an anthropologist at Duke University. This missing technology, along with climate change and competing arrow-shooting humans significantly challenged Neanderthal and may have led to an eventual extinction. According to the Rhodes/Churchill study, habitual behavior patterns, including those related to the production and use of technology, can be imprinted on the skeleton through both genetic and epigenetic pathways. Samples of bilateral humeri sufficient for measurement of Neanderthals are rare. The study consisted of two males and one female. The study concludes, that while the sample was small, consistently it was found that Neanderthal lacked the characteristic “throwing arm” found in early modern man. According to archeologist Eric Boeda of Paris X, Nanterre, Neanderthal was not without his resources. Boeda’s team identified bitumen, a tar-like substance on sharpened stones in Syria inhabited by Neanderthal nearly 70,000 years ago. The bitumen was used as an adhesive to attach sharpened stones to wooden handle in a procedure called hafting. This finding by the Boeda research team using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and carbon isotopes at 40km from the source places the hafting practice back 30,000 years from the date previously set in other research. Anthropologists agree, Neanderthal could throw spears short distances, but never graduated to the use of bow and arrows or spear-throwing technologies. Some 40,000 years ago, modern humans trekked out of Africa to Europe taking their bows and arrows with them for fishing, hunting and warfare. The bow and arrow enabled modern man to engage his environment and adapt to various environments. While it is cannot be stated with absolute certainty, Neanderthal’s inability or lack of interest in developing projectile weaponry may have been an important factor in his eventual demise. Scientists are uncertain as to whether modern human used bow and arrows or projectile devices against Neanderthal, but it is a distinct possibility. For further reading on the subject, See Journal of Human Evolution, Volume 56, January 2009, Throwing in the Middle and Upper Paleolithic: inferences from an analysis of humeral retroversion, Jill Rhodes and Steven Churchill.© 2009 PhysOrg.com The Reconstruction of the Funeral of Homo neanderthalensis. Captured in the Hannover Zoo. (Via Wikipedia) Citation: Neanderthal Lacked Anatomical Competitive Edge: Skeletal Remains Tell the Story (2009, January 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-01-neanderthal-lacked-anatomical-competitive-edge.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Citation: Researchers use quantum entanglement to improve differential interference contrast microscopy (2014, February 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-02-quantum-entanglement-differential-contrast-microscopy.html Illustration of (a) LCM-DIM and (b) the entanglement-enhanced microscope. The red and blue lines indicate horizontally and vertically polarized light. (c), (d) and (e) The change in the signal while the sample is scanned. Credit: arxiv.org/abs/1401.8075 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Physics team entangles photons that never coexisted in time Besides offering a way to create sharper images, the new technique might also prove useful for looking at material that is easily damaged by strong light—it might also lend itself to other types of measuring devices such as interferometers. © 2014 Phys.org More information: An entanglement-enhanced microscope, Nature Communications 4, Article number: 2426 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3426 . On Arxiv: http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.8075AbstractAmong the applications of optical phase measurement, the differential interference contrast microscope is widely used for the evaluation of opaque materials or biological tissues. However, the signal-to-noise ratio for a given light intensity is limited by the standard quantum limit, which is critical for measurements where the probe light intensity is limited to avoid damaging the sample. The standard quantum limit can only be beaten by using N quantum correlated particles, with an improvement factor of √N. Here we report the demonstration of an entanglement-enhanced microscope, which is a confocal-type differential interference contrast microscope where an entangled photon pair (N=2) source is used for illumination. An image of a Q shape carved in relief on the glass surface is obtained with better visibility than with a classical light source. The signal-to-noise ratio is 1.35±0.12 times better than that limited by the standard quantum limit. Explore further Journal information: Nature Communications (a) Atomic force microscope (AFM) image of a glass plate sample (BK7) on whose surface a ‘Q’ shape is carved in relief with an ultra-thin step using optical lithography. (b) The section of the AFM image of the sample, which is the area outlined in red in (a). The height of the step is estimated to be 17.3 nm from this data. (c) The image of the sample using an entanglement-enhanced microscope where two photon en- tangled state is used to illuminate the sample. (d) The image of the sample using single photons (a classical light source). Credit: arxiv.org/abs/1401.8075 Scientists have been using a type of microscope that relies on reading information from pairs of photons reflected off of a surface for several years. The difference between the information provided by each of the photons (the difference in phase) allows for creating an image. The result is stunningly sharp ultra-close-up images of three dimensional surfaces (such as microchips or microorganisms). Until now, however, the resolution of this type of microscopy—known as differential interference contrast microscopy—has been limited by the standard quantum limit—which is based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Scientists have also known for some time that if entangled photons were used instead, they could bypass that limit and create images with better resolution. In this new effort, that’s exactly what the researchers have done.The reason that using entangled photons allow for more information is because measuring one gives information about the other, which results in more information obtained than from two un-entangled photons. The researchers tested this theory by replacing the part of the microscope that emits photons, with one that emitted entangled photons—with it in place they etched the letter “Q” into a glass plate and then proceeded to create an image of it using their new and improved microscope. In so doing, they found an improved signal to noise ratio of 1.35—which can be seen by the naked eye when comparing photographs of the same etching done by both the new and old method. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with members from Hokkaido and Osaka Universities in Japan has used quantum entanglement of photons to improve image results created using differential interference contrast microscopy. In their paper published in Nature Communications, the team describes how they used entangled photons to enhance an image taken of an etched (to a depth of just 17 nanometers) letter “Q” on a glass plate, and how much improvement was observed.
© 2017 Phys.org In recent years, medical researchers have been focusing on developing carrier systems for delivery of chemicals to targets inside the body to treat ailments such as cancer, but thus far, it has been slow going due to a variety of issues such as the body responding in unhelpful ways or targets such as tumors putting up a tough front. In this new effort, the researchers looked into the idea of using a natural carrier to deliver helpful drugs to specified targets—sperm cells delivering drugs guided to tumors and other problem sites in the female reproductive tract.While it is known that sperm cells will swim around in the vagina searching for an egg to fertilize, and in some cases, have been known to swim up and fertilize eggs still in the fallopian tube, the randomness of their behavior was deemed too untenable for drug delivery—the team wanted to be able to steer individual sperm cells. To accomplish that feat, they coaxed sperm cells to swim into a very tiny helmet coated with iron that would adhere to its head. The sperm could then be steered using an external magnet. The helmet was designed with a quick-release mechanism that allowed it to dislodge from the sperm when it ran head first into something, such as a tumor cell, allowing the sperm cell to penetrate the tumor cell the same way it would an egg, delivering the drug. The researchers also found that they could cause a sperm cell to absorb a cancer drug simply by soaking it in a solution containing the drug.The researchers tested their idea using bull sperm on a tiny track in their lab. They report that they were able to successfully move the sperm cell to a desired location, HeLa cells and HeLa spheroids—stand-ins for tumor cells. They report also that the helmet caused the sperm to swim 43 percent more slowly than normal. Though the test results proved impressive, there are many hurdles to overcome before such a technique could actually be used in humans—first and foremost, preventing accidental pregnancies. There is also the issue of what happens to the abandoned helmets (thousands would be left behind) and whether a sperm cell could be steered around inside the human body. And then there is the problem of obtaining the sperm. Schematic depicting tumor targeted drug delivery by a sperm-hybrid micromotor under magnetic guidance with mechanical sperm release trigger. Credit: arXiv:1703.08510 [physics.med-ph] This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Sperm tested as possible candidate for delivering cancer medications in female patients (2017, April 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-04-sperm-candidate-cancer-medications-female.html (a) Schematic illustration of the sperm-hybrid micromotor and the sperm release process. Black arrows represent the reactive force on the arms upon hitting an obstacle. (b) Top view of the tetrapod microstructure with schematic sperm head (c) SEM images of an array of printed tetrapod microstructures. (d) Simulation results demonstrating the deformation of one single arm. Yellow arrows represent the applied forces. (i) Applied force is 128 pN from a motile, non-hyperactivated sperm. (ii) Applied force is 450pN from a hyperactivated sperm. Credit: arXiv:1703.08510 [physics.med-ph] More information: Sperm-hybrid micromotor for drug delivery in the female reproductive tract, arXiv:1703.08510 [physics.med-ph] arxiv.org/abs/1703.08510AbstractA sperm-driven micromotor is presented as cargo-delivery system for the treatment of gynecological cancers. This particular hybrid micromotor is appealing to treat diseases in the female reproductive tract, the physiological environment that sperm cells are naturally adapted to swim in. Here, the single sperm cell serves as an active drug carrier and as driving force, taking advantage of its swimming capability, while a laser-printed microstructure coated with a nanometric layer of iron is used to guide and release the sperm in the desired area by an external magnet and structurally imposed mechanical actuation, respectively. The printed tubular microstructure features four arms which release the drug-loaded sperm cell in situ when they bend upon pushing against a tumor spheroid, resulting in the drug delivery, which occurs when the sperm squeezes through the cancer cells and fuses with cell membrane. Sperms also offer higher drug encapsulation capability and carrying stability compared to other nano and microcarriers, minimizing toxic effects and unwanted drug accumulation. Moreover, sperms neither express pathogenic proteins nor proliferate to form undesirable colonies, unlike other cells or microorganisms do, making this bio-hybrid system a unique and biocompatible cargo delivery platform for various biomedical applications, especially in gynecological healthcare. Journal information: arXiv Explore further (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the Institute for Integrative Nanosciences in Germany has tested the possibility of using sperm cells to deliver drugs to cancerous tumors in female patients. In their paper uploaded to the preprint server arXiv, the group describes how such a technique might work, their initial test results and what they learned from their experiments. Sperm with specific ‘looks’ are selected to fertilise bird eggs, say scientists
by NPR News Sasha Ingber 8.23.19 3:47pm U.S. Customs and Border Protection said it recently made an unusual seizure at a port in California.Agents in Long Beach intercepted three shipments containing nearly 53,000 sights, stocks and other gun parts that came illegally from China.”There was no attempt to hide the importation,” Jaime Ruiz told NPR on Friday. He said the gun parts were correctly labeled and still had their original trademarks. And all three shipments were headed to a legitimate seller and distributor.”It’s kind of an unusual situation,” Ruiz said.CPB stopped the shipments over the past three months and consulted with investigators at the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. The agency concluded that the cargo breached multiple regulations, including an arms embargo that the United States imposed on China.The seizure comes at a time when confiscations of gun parts, munitions, explosives and fireworks have increased 18% over last year, across the United States’ 328 ports of entry, Ruiz told NPR. But usually smugglers attempt to illegally export weapons and ammunition made in the United States.”We can’t characterize this as a new trend, but something really unusual, as China historically is the main source of other items like wearing apparel, footwear, watches, jewelry, handbags, wallets and electronics,” Ruiz said.The CPB has noted a different trend feeding a black market — the flow of counterfeit computer networking equipment from China. A Homeland Security report found that last year, CPB and Homeland Security Investigations seized 213 shipments containing routers and other equipment sporting fake trademarks, a 25% increase in seizures from 2017. Last year’s seizures were valued at nearly $15.5 million.Phony routers could possibly be linked to the Chinese government, says Will Carter, deputy director at the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Technology Policy Program, “but the bigger concern is that the routers are not properly maintained” by a supplier to patch vulnerabilities. “They can be built with poor-quality components,” he told NPR.In a publicized federal case from 2008, the FBI identified some 3,500 counterfeit network components from China through an effort called Operation Cisco Raider. “Crimes like these threaten international commerce, national security and the very safety of our citizens,” a Homeland Security assistant secretary said at the time.CPB said the recently confiscated shipments of gun parts were worth about $378,225. The seizure led some to wonder whether the items were a test to see how closely the U.S. government was monitoring shipments or a business was just trying to cut corners by buying cheaper parts.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Customs Agents Make ‘Unusual’ Seizure Of Nearly…
Think. Eat. Save- Reduce our Foodprint. Follow the theme of the year as the world gets together to celebrate the World Environment Day. Capital joined in the global celebrations with a function organised by the Ministry of Environment and Forests. 5 June was declared as the ‘World Environment Day’ on the recommendations made by UN Conference on Human Environment in 1972.Raising awareness about the environmental consequences of our food choices, this year’s campaign calls for minimizing waste of food at all stages of the food chain. This is to ensure that everyone gets enough to eat and no one is left malnourished or undernourished. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Jayanthi Natarajan, Minister for Environment & Forests presided over the function to celebrate World Environment Day. Addressing the gathering, she said that there cannot be sustainable development without environment given due importance. Emphasizing the importance of sustainable development in everyday life, Natarajan said that the debate of progress versus environment or development versus environment is completely irrelevant and unnecessary. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix On the occasion, Natarajan presented this year’s ‘Young Environmentalist of the Year Award – 2013’ to Arundhati Srivastava, for winning a national poster making competition on the theme: Face of Climate Change.As the part of the celebrations, five publications namely, Animal Discoveries- 2012, Plant Discoveries 2012, Coastal Zones of India, National Wetland Atlas: High Altitude Lakes of India and National Wetland Atlas : Wetlands of International Importance under Ramsar Convention were released for sensitizing the citizens. Highlighting the importance of this year’s theme, Natarajan said, that there is an urgent need to become more aware of environmental impact on the food choices we make. If food is wasted, it means all resources and inputs used in the production of all those foods are also lost, she added.
“You cannot be holding back money of investors who do not want to be relocated in other projects… Developers can’t take investors for a ride. If they want refund of their investments, can we deny them this relief,” a bench headed by Chief Justice HL Dattu said. Terming it a victory of the investors, office bearers of RWA Emerald Court, the welfare association which had moved the court against the wrong doing, said that the guilty persons must be punished. Also Read – Company director arrested for swindling Rs 345 crore“The court’s order is in pursuance of Allahabad High Court which has already declared construction of twin towers as illegal. As the high court has prosecuted the guilty, we hope the same from the apex court in the next hearing. With the order to return the whole amount with annual compound interest, our stand has been proved, finally,” said Vashisth Sharma, an office bearer.The court in its order said: “We direct the respondent (Supertech) to refund the amount sought by the petitioners. Principal amount shall be paid in 30 days,” the bench, which also comprised Justice A K Sikri, stated. The apex court also directed the company to refund the interest within 60 days after the principal amount is paid to the investors. Also Read – Man who cheated 20 women on matrimonial websites arrestedEarlier, it had directed Supertech to give back money within a month to the flat owners who had sought refund of their investments, after the 40-storey residential twin towers Apex and Ceyane in Noida were directed to be demolished by the Allahabad High Court.Holding that flat owners cannot be forced to remain in a limbo and wait indefinitely due to litigation, the bench had also directed the company to pay compound interest at the rate of 14 per cent per annum to the allottees by the end of October, 2014. It had turned down the plea of Supertech which had contended that it was not in a position to pay back the money as the interest part has grown more than the principal. The price of the flats, located in the outskirts of Delhi, ranged from Rs 65 lakh to Rs 1.25 crore.
Kolkata: The Gurusaday museum, set up in the year 1961, highlights the exquisite collection of Bengal’s rare art and culture. There are 2325 specimens collected by Gurusaday Dutt, an ICS officer, during his tenure as a district magistrate and collector between 1929 and 1939. An agreement was signed between the President of India and representatives of Gurusaday Dutta Folk Arts Society in 1984 over the maintenance of the museum. Dutt, who had travelled to the West, thought that the art and folk of rural Bengal should be showcased to attract people from across the world. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe museum situated on Diamond Harbour Road off Joka is a treasure of folk art and culture. The museum provides an enormous collection of different kinds of kantha stitch that have been a part of Bengali tradition for decades. As one enters the museum, there are mesmerizing kantha stitch items towards the left and central part of the Museum. There is the sujni kantha bed sheet with a central lotus surrounded by flowers, fish, elephants, tigers and birds, all stitched in geometric designs. There is also a huge collection of different designs of beytan kantha, durjani kantha and the arshilata kantha, which is used for covering mirrors, to protect it from dirt. The last one is the rumal kantha, which was and is still used in designing handkerchiefs. There are paintings from the 19th century undivided Bengal, showcasing various mythological characters like Labh-Kush, Radha-Krishna and Dissembling Vaishnava. There is a section of wooden masks with the face of Asuras.The last gallery is a circular frame, with the upper frame containing terracotta plaques of temples, square paintings and wooden dolls. The lower frame has moulds for mango paste or aamshotto, sweet-meat mould, jewelleries made of paddy and shells, old musical instruments made in Birbhum, which include Dhol and Damaru. However, the artefacts have to be maintained properly so that they can be preserved for years.
With the arrest of two persons, who set up a website and duped several Kashmiri youths on the pretext of jobs as crew members and ground staff in Indigo Airlines, the Delhi Police has stumbled upon an inter-state fake job module operating from Central Delhi, the police said on Thursday.The matter came into light when a 22-year-old man, along with 15 other youths, from the Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir approached the Jama Masjid police station on March 16. While, two of the identified accused – Irfan and Mohammed Shahid, have been arrested, two others – Amir Shora and Yawar Naik, still remain at large. “We suspect that the module had been working from a long time and have duped hundreds of youths. There could be more members in this module and investigations are underway,” said Paramaditya, Deputy Commissioner of Police (Central). Also Read – Company director arrested for swindling Rs 345 croreAccording to the police, the accused set up a website named Peace Career Consultancy and Job Assistance and advertised themselves through OLX.com. On March 8, the 22-year-old complainant came across the advertisement and applied for the job, for which he first had to meet Yawar and deposit a registration fee of Rs 1,000 at the consultancy office in Anantnag. The next day, the complainant, along with around 50 others were interviewed by Amir Shora, who claimed to be a representative of Indigo Airlines. Soon, the complainant was informed that he has been selected as a ground staff, with a start-up salary of Rs 17,000. But he was also asked to leave for Delhi immediately for the final round of interaction and for collecting the appointment letter. Also Read – Man who cheated 20 women on matrimonial websites arrestedOn March 10, on his way to Delhi in a bus, the complainant met 15 others who were selected as ground staff in Indigo Airlines through the same consultant. They lodged themselves in the same hotel in old Delhi’s Jama Masjid area. Meanwhile, the interaction scheduled on March 12 went on getting postponed and on March 15, the applicants were asked to report at the Indigo Airlines headquarters in Gurgaon. When they went there, they were told that there was no interview. That is when they started suspecting the consultant. On March 16, the consultant sent two persons – claiming to be Head Representatives – to the old Delhi Hotel for the final interaction. The job-seekers then immediately asked them to show their identity cards. When they refused, they were asked several questions – like the address of their head office and so – which they apparently had no clues about. The duo then tried to run away when the youths got hold of them and handed them over to the police. They were identified as Irfan and Mohammed Shahid.They have been booked under charges of cheating and other relevant sections of IPC. A team shall soon be sent to Anantnag to nab the other accused, said a police official.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee received a proposal from former Barrackpore MP Tarit Baran Topdar to develop Kanchrapara Airfield into a second airport near Kolkata.Topdar had met the Chief Minister at the state Assembly on August 13 and gave the proposal in this connection.It has been learnt that he will be giving the proposal in further detail to the Chief Minister and a written communiqué in this connection is expected to be sent to the Chief Minister on Wednesday. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt may be mentioned that the airfield was constructed during World War II. This comes at the time when there have been discussions between the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and the state government, in connection with setting up of a new airport near the city.Sources said that the state government has already taken steps to develop many such airfields to ensure air connectivity in most parts of the state. The state government is also looking into the proposal of developing Kanchrapara Airfield positively. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe decision on carrying out a feasibility test will be taken after the written proposal with more details gets submitted to the Chief Minister.The Kanchrapara Airfield is around 1,500 metres in length. Considering that the location is suitable to develop the same for flight operation, there could be steps to expand it further.According to the experts, the airfield is close to Kalyani Expressway. So, connectivity will not be a major problem and it will not take much time to reach the city from the airfield. At the same time, AIIMs is also coming up at Kalyani. It would also not take much time to reach there from the airfield.
protecting the brain from shrinkage, aerobic exercise may slow the progression of Parkinsons disease, a progressive disorder of the nervous system, says a neurologist.In an editorial published online in the journal JAMA Neurology, neurologist J Eric Ahlskog from Mayo Clinic in Minnesota recommends that modern physical therapy practices should incorporate aerobic exercise training and encourage fitness for patients with Parkinson’s disease.Aerobic exercise means vigorous exercise, which makes you hot, sweaty and tired, Ahlskog explained. This could include activity such as walking briskly or using an elliptical machine. That does not mean stretching or balance exercises are not helpful, Ahlskog noted. Those types of exercises help with Parkinson’s symptoms, such as rigid muscles, slowed movement or impaired posture and balance. But to help fight the progression of Parkinson’s disease, including dementia — one of the most feared long-term outcomes of the disease, aerobic exercise enhances factors that potentially have a protective effect on the brain, Ahlskog noted.For instance, aerobic exercise liberates trophic factors —small proteins in the brain that behave like fertiliser does when applied to your lawn, he said citing scientific studies.Exercise helps maintain brain connections and counters brain shrinkage from Parkinson’s disease as well as from brain ageing, Ahlskog noted.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee stated on National Education Day that education is one of the thrust areas of the state government.In a tweet on Sunday, the Chief Minister stated: “Today is #NationalEducationDay. Education is one of the thrust areas of our govt in #Bangla.” She further stated in this connection: “In the last seven years, we have set up 23 new universities, 65 new colleges and many more are in the pipeline. My best wishes to all.” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeBanerjee also tweeted remembering Maulana Abul Kalam Azad on his birth anniversary. She stated in the tweet: “Remembering freedom fighter and well-known educationist Maulana Abul Kalam Azad on his birth anniversary. We have named the West Bengal University of Technology after him.” In the past seven years, the state government has taken a series of steps to improve the standard of education in the state. Starting from creating proper infrastructure across the state to bringing necessary changes in curriculum, several improvements have taken place in the past seven years. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may be mentioned that 22 universities, including 10 private and 12 state-run, had come up in the state in the first six years of the Mamata Banerjee government and later, one more has come up taking the total number to 23. The Green University in Hooghly and the Biswa Bangla University in Bolpur are the two major projects taken up by the state government. Setting up of Sister Nivedita University at New Town and that too in the year when her 150th birth anniversary is being celebrated, is another major move of the Mamata Banerjee government. Setting up of the 23 universities is creating opportunities for more students to go for higher studies and it is of great help for the youths as they do not need to travel long distances to carry on with higher studies. Besides higher studies, steps were taken to create better infrastructure for school level education as well. Stress was given so that children do not need to go too far for school. Under the project Sabuj Sathi, the Mamata Banerjee government has also distributed bicycles among students of classes IX, X, XI and XII. Most importantly, introduction of the Kanyashree Prakalpa has helped in bringing down the dropout rate in schools. The state government has also bagged the United Nations Public Service Award for Asia Pacific in Netherlands in 2017 for the project, thanks to which more than 50 lakh girls were benefitted.
Kolkata: ‘Sandesh’ has been dressed up. It is on a catwalk either as the Trinamool’s ‘jora ghash phul’ (twin-flower), BJP’s Lotus, Congress’ Hand symbol, or the hammer and sickle of CPI (M). These “Election sweets” are just flying off the shelves at Balaram Mullick and Radharaman Mullick — one of the oldest confectioners in the city or Shibani Sweets at Sodepur (the northern suburb). With the humble ‘nakuldana’ (flour-sugar balls) and ‘Laddoo’ taking centre stage in rural West Bengal’s Lok Sabha elections, the confectioners in the city are not leaving any opportunity to bank on the frenzied ambience. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata ‘Sandesh’ (the cottage cheese sweet) is readily coming up in any form you wish. They have been flying off the shelves since the election drums were rolled. “We have been making these sweets during elections for many years. This year also the response is very good,” Poppy Mullick of Balaram Mullick and Radharaman Mullick told IANS. Asked which of the party-themed sweets was selling the most, she jokingly said “no comments” mentioning that all the items were being sold. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state Regarding the bulk orders placed by workers, Mullick gave a hint that ‘the state’s ruling party’ Trinamool Congress tops the chart. They have priced a sweet of 250 grams at Rs 150. The Sodepur sweet shop that specialises in theme sweets during football and Cricket World Cup events, is offering decorative tray filled with huge sweets replicated as party symbols. Trinamool’s ‘jora ghash phul’ (twin-flower), BJP’s Lotus, Hand symbol of Congress, hammer and sickle of Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) have been given a sweet twist. They are carefully placed on the tray and the empty space is also filled with the Kheer Sandesh making it almost appear as a huge cake. “We are offering these big trays whose price range from Rs 800-2,000 and a small Sandesh is Rs 70,” Sanjib Das, store’s staff said. Das is elated as this year they are getting a “huge response”. He mentioned that customers are so impressed that they are asking for larger sizes. The ‘Trinamool’ Sandesh are in great demand followed by BJP’s. Sweets of other parties like Congress and CPI (M) are being sold but lesser than the others,” Das said. Orders can also be customised as per the customers’ demand. They also ensure that the customers get the freshest of quality, so after placing the order with alterations one shall have to wait for a little time. Almost fourteen to fifteen men are toiling hard to churn out these sweet delicacies laced with aesthetic appeal. “This is just the beginning, I am sure that as the election heat picks up, the demands will keep soaring. We will try our best to deliver,” Das said. While Mullicks will stick to sweets with party symbols, Shibani Sweets will try to come up with sweets replicating leader’s face if any customer demands. Amidst the high voltage campaigns, these sweets will add a dash of goodness and will be savoured by the supporters and the members of the winning party and candidates, the shop said. Already in the state, Trinamool Congress’ Birbhum district President Anubrata Mondal’s directive to party workers to hand over nakuldana and water to people to keep them cool in the oppressive summer months and the BJP’s decision to distribute laddoo among the people as a counter move has added to the sweetness of the electoral contest. The seven-phased election in the state will commence on April 11 and the last date of the poll is May 19. Votes will be counted on May 23.
Kolkata: For the first time in the history of Lok Sabha elections in the state, West Bengal Radio Club (WBRC) along with Indian Academy of Communication and Disaster Management will offer communication support through ham radio in mobile shadow zones in North 24-Parganas district.Mobile shadow zones are the areas where there is no mobile network and connectivity. These radio hams will provide information on poll security arrangement, updates on voting process, turnout of voters and various announcements on poll-related issues. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataWBRC, which is an organization of ham radio enthusiasts in the state, has got special permission from the Union ministry of Telecommunication in establishing communication through amateur radio in mobile shadow zones. The West Bengal Radio Club will soon conduct mock drill in such zones to ensure proper communication with the residents of these areas during the election. The organization has been instrumental in setting up communication infrastructure in such zones during the state assembly elections in 2016 and during panchayet elections in 2013. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”We have received a letter from the District Magistrate and district election officer (DEO) of North 24-Parganas Antara Acharya today (Friday) instructing us to make necessary arrangements for uninterrupted communication through ham radio. We have been informed that necessary logistic support such as vehicles, electricity or battery, accommodation, food, table, chair and bamboo for each radio antenna will be provided by the DEO,” said Ambarish Nag Biswas secretary of WBRC. According to a sources, there are 48 shadow zones in the district which includes urban places such as Titagrah, Barrackpore, Ichapore, Bongaon, Madhyamgram and border areas such as Hingalganj, Sandeshkhali and Basirhat. The areas fall under four LS constituencies —Barrackpore, Bongaon, Barasat and Basirhat. Barrackpore and Bongaon will go to polls on May 6 in the fifth phase while Barasat and Basirhat will vote in the last phase on May 19. The secretary of WBRC on behalf of the radio club had written to the DEO on March 14 expressing its desire to provide support in the shadow zones in the district. “There will be a total of 48 hams — one ham each for each shadow zone. They will be responsible for establishing liaison with all the communication stations such as the DM office, BDO office and SDO office during the election. They will be providing information on whether the polling party has reached properly, what is the security arrangement, regular update of the polling process and the percentage of voting,” said Subir Datta, president of WBRC.
Kolkata: A youth, who was suffering from cardiac and bronchial diseases, died due to his illness at the Sealdah railway station on Sunday.According to police sources, Maheswar Mondal, (32), a resident of Mandirbazar in South 24-Parganas, had visited many state-run hospitals in South 24-Parganas but his health problems were not properly detected. Moreover, he could not afford the treatment due to financial crisis. His 75-year-old mother Padma Mondal recently came to know about an ayurvedic doctor at Nasibpur in Hooghly. On Sunday, Padma along with one of her neighbours, took Maheswar to Nasibpur. While returning home Maheswar fell ill and started throwing up at the platform number 1 of the Sealdah Railway Station. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAfter a few minutes, Maheswar reportedly fell asleep on his mother’s lap. Some passengers also offered money to Padma thinking she was a beggar. Sealdah Government Railway Police (GRP) was informed. A doctor from the Eastern Railway arrived and declared Maheswar dead. On Monday, police arranged for a quick autopsy and made arrangement to sent Maheswar’s body home. Some of his neighbours received the body. The surgeon who conducted the autopsy said no foul play was detected in the case.
Colin says:Tom Brady should have handled Deflategate like Peyton Manning handled his Al-Jazeera scandal.Why Andrew Luck will be an MVP candidate.Internet journalism is right about half the time.Jim Harbaugh is way ahead of schedule.Colin’s 2016 NFL predictions.Guests:Chris Spielman – Former Ohio State All American, 4-time NFL Pro Bowler, and Fox Sports college football analyst joins the show from B1G Ten Media Day to look ahead to the upcoming season, expectations for Jim Harbaugh year two, and his opinion on Iowa’s questionable schedule.Gary Myers – New York Daily News NFL Columnist and author of “Brady vs. Manning” discusses the handling of the Deflategate scandal compared to the Manning Al-Jazeera scandal, the discrepancy in the NFL treatment of the two, and how the internet has hurt the credibility of journalism.Shannon Sharpe – NFL Hall of Famer and Super Bowl champ talks the NFL clearing Peyton Manning of PED’s, and his own experience of having to deny steroid use.
Larry David is completely nuts. Howie Mandel is completely nuts and terrified of human contact to the extent he makes his assistant wash his money before he’ll use it. Seriously.Clippers head coach Doc Rivers is friends with both of the peculiar comedians, and after a recent dinner, while waiting for the valet, became an extra in what could easily be a scene from the new season of Curb Your Enthusiasm.Let’s just say, the NBA handshake culture is a scary enough prospect to make Howie Mandel huddle in a corner in paralyzing fear.Larry David is literally exactly the freakin’ same person, 24/7. That is tremendous.
Advertisement Rams Head Coach Sean McVay is the golden child of NFL coaches, and has his Rams as the betting favorite to win the NFC West. McVay got mic’d up for a recent training camp practice, and showed why he’s on another level in terms of his computer brain for offensive playcaling and boundless energy.In the clip, McVay jokes that he’s a N.A.R.C. because of the wire and runs through some play calls that sound like a foreign language to the average fan. It’s also clear that he has complete command of everything going on with his team, and every situation.He’s like a Belichick with a smile. Watch McVay at work. It’s a thing of beauty.“Got me mic’d today just so you know…”“Oh you five-0?” 😂 – @marcuspeters#RamsCamp mic’d up with Coach McVay! pic.twitter.com/E9s1MRlONy— Los Angeles Rams (@RamsNFL) August 13, 2018
Don Nelson was a basketball lifer, spending five decades in the NBA as a player and coach. In retirement, however, Nellie has found a new love….Marijuana.During a press appearance ahead of a ceremony celebrating the Warriors 2006-7 team that took down the #1 seed Mavericks in the first round, Nelson was asked what he’s been doing since leaving the game. His answer was simple: ‘I’ve been smoking some pot.’Nellie is apparently good buds with Willie Nelson, so that pretty much tells you everything you need to know, other than why he’s dressed like a 1980’s wrestling manager.He did clarify that he never smoked any ganja during his playing or coaching days, so apparently he’s making up for lost time. Some people play nine holes a day in retirement, Nellie smokes nine bowls a day.
Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global February 20, 2008 Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 5 min read By Paul KorzeniowskiCybercriminals have become quite adept at taking advantage of the latest technology. Their latest foray centers on leveraging the significant acceptance of Voice over IP (VoIP) to steal personal information.Unfortunately, as new communications options emerge to help small and midsize businesses improve productivity, these same enhancements can be used to exploit them and their customers. Because of its simplicity, its clean integration with IP networks, and potential cost savings, VoIP has become a staple in many small and midsize enterprises. Now, it’s poised to play the same role in cybercrimes.The crooks’ latest ploy is a variation of phishing, which has become a significant problem in the last few years. With phishing, a criminal sends an e-mail and pretends to be a bank, a credit card company, or a major online merchant, such as Amazon. The e-mail outlines a problem with the person’s account and asks the individual to click on a link to verify his or her account information. The user is then directed to a fake site that collects the login and password information and uses it to perpetrate identity theft.Criminals are Shifting GearsSince this phenomenon arose a few years ago, the affected companies, as well as leading security firms, have tried to educate users about the dangers of clicking on e-mail links asking for personal data. With that message starting to take hold, the criminals have shifted gears, with a new technique dubbed “vishing” (VoIP phishing). The Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3), a partnership between the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the National White Collar Crime Center concentrating on Internet-related criminal complaints, has recently seen a growing number of incidents of vishing.Vishing operates like phishing and tries to persuade consumers to divulge their personal information by claiming that their accounts have been suspended, tampered with, deactivated, or terminated. A couple of variations on the scam have arisen. The first mixes phishing and vishing. The recipient receives an e-mail message but is instructed to call rather than click on a link to verify personal data. In another scenario, text messages are sent to cell phones claiming the recipient’s on-line bank account has expired. The message instructs the recipient to renew their online bank account by using the link provided.In other cases, crooks create fully functional PBXs using low cost PCs and inexpensive voice software. The perpetrators use dialers and bulk-rate VoIP services to flood an area with automated telephone calls, either reaching consumers or leaving voice mail messages. Recipients are directed to contact their banks, credit card companies, or merchants to verify their personal data.The IC3 noted that crooks have even gone so far that upon calling the telephone number, victims hear greetings, such as “Welcome to the Bank of … .” They then are asked to enter their personal data in order to resolve the pending problems. To add to the seeming authenticity, some fraudulent e-mails claim that the company would never contact customers to obtain the personal data by other means, such as e-mail, mail, and instant messenger, because voice messages are the most secure method of communication. These e-mails further warn recipients not to provide sensitive information when requested in an e-mail and not to click on embedded links, claiming they could contain malicious software aimed at capturing login credentials.Scams Focused on Smaller BusinessesAnother problem is cybercriminals have shifted their focus. Traditionally, their scams concentrated on the nation’s largest companies. After they’ve received their hundredth PayPal phishing notification, consumers don’t even bother opening up such items before hitting the Delete button. In response, the crooks have turned their attention to small and midsized businesses. For instance, regional bank Santa Barbara Bank & Trust Inc. was targeted for a vishing scam.At the moment, the criminals seem to be ahead of law enforcement. The IC3 admitted that, “Due to rapidly evolving criminal methodologies, it is impossible to include every scenario.” The government agency suggests that consumers use legitimate telephone numbers to contact the supposed company whenever they receive something asking for their account data. Having been funneled through numerous voice-activated screens through the years, I’m skeptical about consumers’ willingness to take that extra step and the ability of the company to handle such calls expeditiously.Consequently, vishing is a security issue that small and midsize companies have to be aware of because it could affect their customers and their business. All companies, especially those doing a lot of business on the Internet, need to notify consumers about such problems and be prepared to handle such inquiries, if they should arise. How much awareness do you have of vishing? How much of a threat do you think it poses to your business? Do you feel obliged to tell your customers about it?Paul Korzeniowski is a Sudbury, Mass.-based freelance writer who has been writing about networking issues for two decades. His work has appeared in Business 2.0, Entrepreneur, Investors Business Daily, Newsweek, and InformationWeek.
August 5, 2014 Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Let’s be honest. How many of us reach for our smartphone the moment we hear it ring or some type of message come in? Even when we’re driving and know we shouldn’t? Statistics say drivers are three times as likely to get into an accident when they use their phone in the car. Yet many of us do it anyway.One company has created a way for you to keep an eye on your phone without looking away from the road. Meet Navdy, a head-up display that shows driving directions, text messages and phone calls on a projection screen that looks like it’s floating on the street in front of you. The self-described “Google Glass for your car” is available for pre-order starting today, with plans to start shipping at the beginning of next year.In-vehicle head-up displays aren’t anything new. Some 1.2 million cars were sold with a head-up display system last year and about 800,000 the year before. Navdy is different from many of the options out there now, in part because of how you interact with it. Image credit: Patrick Czapla/NavdyRelated: Fade to ‘Vantablack’: Scientists Invent a Material So Black Your Eyes Can’t See It Image credit: Patrick Czapla/NavdyRelated: Say Hello to the Robotic Personal Assistant of Your Dreams“I think there’s a lot of opportunities to improve the experience of using apps and your phone in the car, and make it much better, but also make it much safer at the same time,” Navdy CEO Doug Simpson says.The head-up display unit rests on your car’s dashboard right above your steering wheel and uses a high-resolution projector to display a transparent image in front of you — visible even in bright sunlight. You can interact with the unit by talking or through gesture controls, so you never have to look away from the road in front of you. For instance, if Mom calls while you’re headed to work, you can swipe left in the air to accept the call and start talking, or swipe right to dismiss it. Regardless of your choice, your driving directions will always stay on the left side of the screen, so you won’t miss a turn while you chat.“Knobs, buttons and touch screens all force you to look down and take your eyes off the road, but touchless gestures are very natural and allow you to keep your eyes on the road,” says Simpson.Related: Get This: A Cooler That Uses Dirt to Keep Your Beers CoolUsers can decide how and when notifications appear. For instance, you can opt to not get text messages at all while you drive, or have texts read aloud to you while the car is in motion. There are also parental controls to restrict what younger drivers might be able to see on the screen.The display can also be integrated into your car’s system to display your speed, warning notifications, or even let you know how many miles you can go before you’re really out of gas. The device is powered by and connects to your car’s computer through its diagnostics port, an easy-to-access connection in every vehicle made in 1996 or after.Navdy is hoping to raise $60,000 during its 30-day pre-order campaign starting today. During the pre-order period it’s selling the device for $299, a $200 discount from its expected $499 retail price. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 3 min read Register Now »