First-year students who valued and enjoyed their alone time seemed to display greater psychological health Solitary time can be useful for detaching oneself from societal pressures and getting back to one’s own values and interests, which in turn allows for better behavior regulation (with a greater sense of autonomy, choice, and self-concordance) The association between freely chosen motivation for solitude and psychological health is stronger for those who don’t feel they belong in college The findings held across two independent samples of first-year students–one at a private university in the US and one at a public university in Canada Parents play a role in shaping their children’s capacity to be alone by allowing children time for independent play. The study provides empirical evidence for the theory formulated by English pediatrician and psychoanalyst Donald Woods Winnicott in the 1950s. What do the researchers wish they had known as a green, first-year student?”I wish I had known to worry less,” says Nguyen. The transition to college can be difficult with the pressure to socialize and make new friends, she notes. However, it’s important to consider that alone time is also valuable.”At times we do want time to ourselves, to relax, so it is OK to take time for that as well,” says Nguyen.”Being alone does not make you a loner, which is a very easy stereotype to internalize when you first enter college–especially when you think that everyone around you is socializing when you are not. Solitude is a personal experience for everyone, so it is a time for you to take if you want, and just explore different ways to make it a meaningful and enjoyable experience for you.” Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 10 2019Transitioning from high school to college can be stressful. Trying to fit in, making new friends, missing old ones and home, meeting professors’ and one’s own expectations–can all be daunting.The way that first-year students manage (or not) to navigate this change has long-term implications for their academic performance and ability to stick with their studies. Research has shown that one frequent pitfall during this transition period from high school to college is social isolation. Loneliness, of course, can have a serious detrimental effect on a student’s mental health, potentially leading to depression.But being alone isn’t necessarily bad, argues a team of researchers from the University of Rochester, Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada, and Ghent University in Belgium. They published their findings about the importance of me-time in the journal Motivation and Emotion.”Approaching solitude for its enjoyment and intrinsic values is linked to psychological health, especially for those who don’t feel as if they belong to their social groups,” says the study’s lead author, Thuy-vy Nguyen, who received her doctorate in psychology from the University of Rochester in 2018 and who undertook large part of the research for this study in Rochester.”These findings highlight the importance of cultivating the ability to enjoy and value solitary time as a meaningful experience, rather than trying to disregard it, or escape from it,” says Nguyen, who’ll be joining the psychology department at Durham University, England, this fall as an assistant professor.Loneliness versus alone timeWhat then marks the difference between useful and potentially detrimental solitude? The key is positive motivation, according to the researchers. A healthy, autonomous seeking of alone time is associated with greater self-esteem, a greater sense of feeling related to others, and feeling less lonely. Conversely, someone who wants to be alone because of negative social experiences will more likely experience the negative effects of solitude, such as isolation or social withdrawal. The reasons matter as they determine how we experience solitude and the benefits we can get from it, the study concludes.Nguyen is building on decades of research by her veteran Rochester mentors, Edward Deci and Richard Ryan, co-founders of self-determination theory (SDT). The theoretical framework of SDT fits nicely into the investigation of how individuals’ motivations for spending time alone contribute to well-being, the researchers note. Per definition, autonomous motivation for being alone refers to a person’s decision to spend time in solitude in a manner that is valuable and enjoyable for the person.Previous research had shown that spending too much time socializing during the first year of college–and as a result having little time for oneself–may be associated with poor adjustment.Related StoriesResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairWhy Mattresses Could be a Health Threat to Sleeping ChildrenPerinatal depression screenings may overlook women having suicidal ideationBut over the course of two studies, conducted with 147 first-year college students in the US (testing for self-esteem) and 223 in Canada (testing for loneliness and relatedness), the team was able to untangle the interaction between new students’ social life and their motivation for spending time alone as a predictor of their successful adjustment to college life.Nguyen says the interplay between solitary time and our social experiences has not been empirically studied before, at least not in this way.”In previous research, it has been framed in ways that those with more access to social connections tend to have a better time in solitude. But in our study, having a healthy motivation for solitude actually is associated with wellness for those who have less access to social connections,” says Nguyen.The findings in a nutshell: Source:https://www.rochester.edu/newscenter/college-freshmen-need-alone-time-373042/
The charity wants the Government to act on its ambition to halve childhood obesity rates by 2030 and introduce a 9 pm watershed for junk food adverts on TV and online, alongside other measures such as restricting promotional offers on unhealthy food and drinks.Professor Linda Bauld, Cancer Research UK’s prevention expert, commented: There isn’t a silver bullet to reduce obesity, but the huge fall in smoking over the years – partly thanks to advertising and environmental bans – shows that Government-led change works. It was needed to tackle sky-high smoking rates, and now the same is true for obesity.The world we live in doesn’t make it easy to be healthy and we need Government action to fix that, but people can also make changes themselves; small things like swapping junk food for healthier options and keeping active can all add up to help reduce cancer risk.” As smoking rates fall and obesity rates rise, we can clearly see the impact on a national health crisis when the Government puts policies in place – and when it puts its head in the sand.Our children could be a smoke-free generation, but we’ve hit a devastating record high for childhood obesity, and now we need urgent Government intervention to end the epidemic. They still have a chance to save lives.Scientists have so far identified that obesity causes 13 types of cancer but the mechanisms aren’t fully understood. So further research is needed to find out more about the ways extra body fat can lead to cancer.” Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 3 2019New figures from Cancer Research UK show that people who are obese now outnumber people who smoke two to one in the UK, and excess weight causes more cases of certain cancers than smoking, as the charity urges Government action to tackle obesity.Almost a third of UK adults are obese and, while smoking is still the nation’s biggest preventable cause of cancer and carries a much higher risk of the disease than obesity, Cancer Research UK’s analysis revealed that being overweight or obese trumps smoking as the leading cause of four different types of cancer.Excess weight causes around 1,900 more cases of bowel cancer than smoking in the UK each year. The same worrying pattern is true of cancer in the kidneys (1,400 more cases caused by excess weight than by smoking each year in the UK), ovaries (460) and liver (180).Related StoriesLiving with advanced breast cancerResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairSpecial blood test may predict relapse risk for breast cancer patientsCancer Research UK launched a nationwide campaign this week to increase awareness of the link between obesity and cancer. Extra body fat sends out signals that can tell cells to divide more often and can cause damage that builds up over time and raises the risk of cancer.The campaign compares smoking and obesity to show how policy change can help people form healthier habits, not to compare tobacco with food.Michelle Mitchell, Cancer Research UK’s chief executive, said: Source:Cancer Research UK
Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jun 27 2019Insights into how a gene that increases the risk of Alzheimer’s disease disrupts brain cells have been revealed by scientists.Brain tissue from people with Alzheimer’s showed that a protein called clusterin builds up in vital parts of neurons that connect cells and may damage these links.Scientists say the findings shed light on the causes of the disease and will help to accelerate the search for a treatment.The study, led by Professor Tara Spires-Jones at the University of Edinburgh, focused on synapses – connections between brain cells that allow the flow of chemical and electrical signals. These signals are vital for forming memories and are key to brain health, experts say.Related StoriesResearchers discover gene linked to healthy aging in wormsNew therapy shows promise in preventing brain damage after traumatic brain injuryPosterior parietal cortex plays crucial role in making decisions, research showsResearchers showed that synapses in people who had died with Alzheimer’s contained clumps of clusterin, which could contribute to dementia symptoms. These synapses also contained clumps of amyloid beta, the damaging protein that is found in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s.People with a common risk gene, called apolipoprotein E4, had more clusterin and amyloid beta clumps in their synapses than people with Alzheimer’s without the risk gene.Those without dementia symptoms had even less of the damaging proteins in their synapses.The discovery was made using powerful technology that allowed the scientists to view detailed images of more than one million synapses. Individual synapses are around 5000 times smaller than the thickness of a sheet of paper.Synapse loss in Alzheimer’s disease was previously established, but the clumping of damaging proteins together in synapses was unknown until now because of difficulties in studying them due to their tiny size.Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, affecting around 500,000 people in the UK. It can cause severe memory loss and there is no cure.Professor Spires-Jones, Programme Lead at the UK Dementia Research Institute at the University of Edinburgh, said: We have identified another player in the host of proteins that damage synapses in Alzheimer’s disease. Synapses are essential for thinking and memory, and preventing damage to them is a promising target to help prevent or reverse dementia symptoms. This work gives us a new target to work towards in our goal to develop effective treatments.” Source:University of EdinburghJournal reference:Spires-Jones, T. et al. (2019) Clusterin accumulates in synapses in Alzheimer’s disease and is increased in apolipoprotein E4 carriers. Brain Communications. doi.org/10.1093/braincomms/fcz003.
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 29 2019Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have found a way of using gene expression conserved across species to divide patients with the inflammatory bowel disease ulcerative colitis into two distinct groups. The findings are published in the journal Nature Communications, and the researchers hope that the method can also be used to subdivide other autoimmune diseases.Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease affecting the colon and rectum. It manifests itself differently in patients, and only 50 to 60 per cent respond to the treatment with so-called biological drugs.There is therefore a need to divide patients into different groups so that new pharmaceutical targets can be identified and treatments tailored accordingly.Such a grouping has now been presented by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in a study published in Nature Communications. We’ve managed to divide patients with ulcerative colitis into two molecularly distinct groups using a method that we believe can be used for other diseases too.”Study’s corresponding author Eduardo Villablanca, associate professor at the Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet (Solna) Related StoriesAMSBIO offers new, best-in-class CAR-T cell range for research and immunotherapyResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairResearch opens possibility of developing single-dose gene therapy for inherited arrhythmiasThe researchers first used openly accessible data on gene expression – transcription data – from colon biopsies from 102 patients with ulcerative colitis. But the variation between patients proved too great to break the patients down into meaningful groups.They then hit on the idea of excluding irrelevant genes in the patient material by only looking at genes whose expression is changed in both humans and mice. To do this, the group analyzed gene expressions in colon biopsies from a mouse model with ulcerative colitis. They found 57 genes in common from the mouse and patient material.Using these 57 genes, the researchers were able to identify two groups of patients, which they term UC1 and UC2. UC1 patients are characterized by the higher expression of genes involved in the recruitment of neutrophils, which are a type of immune cell. Over 87 per cent of the patients in this group also responded poorly to treatment with two of the most widely used biological drugs for ulcerative colitis. About 60 per cent of the patients in the UC2 group, however, responded to this treatment.”We demonstrate the principle that it’s possible to combine datasets from mice and humans to group previously indistinguishable patients,” says Dr Villablanca. “The results provide new knowledge on inflammatory bowel diseases and can contribute to the more tailored treatment of ulcerative colitis.” Source:Karolinska InstitutetJournal reference:Czarnewski, P. et al. (2019) Conserved transcriptomic profile between mouse and human colitis allows unsupervised patient stratification. Nature Communications. doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-10769-x.
Desperate & duped? GoFundMe means big bucks for dubious care Jeremiah Jon Smith, 38, pleaded guilty Oct. 17 in Rice County District Court to theft by swindle, a felony. He admitted spending more than $23,000 raised for his medical bills through GoFundMe, an online fundraising platform, and benefit events.Swindles like the one Smith pulled raise the question of whether online fundraising is safe, consumer advocates said.”I don’t think anyone’s got their arms around it,” said Ira Rheingold, executive director of the National Association of Consumer Advocates in Washington. “And the GoFundMes of the world pooh-pooh it.”GoFundMe claims to have raised more than $5 billion since 2010 and says fraud on its website is minuscule. The company warns potential donors to give only to people they know.”GoFundMe is dedicated to empowering people to help people, and an overwhelming majority of campaigns on our platform are safe and legitimate,” the company said in a statement. “Fraudulent campaigns make up less than one-tenth of 1 percent of all campaigns.”In the rare instances where people create campaigns with the intention of taking advantage of others’ generosity, GoFundMe takes swift action to resolve the issue.”A GoFundMe spokeswoman said the company will refund donations if a campaign organizer or beneficiary is charged with a crime. The company also may refund donations of up to $1,000 if its own investigation finds “misuses” of donations.Scams have always been with us, said Christina Tetreault a staff attorney with Consumers Union, a nonprofit based in Yonkers, N.Y.”I would say that the mode is new, but the scams are old,” Tetreault said during a panel discussion on peer-to-peer payments sponsored by the Federal Trade Commission.But the fact that fraud is taking place on the internet doesn’t make it any less prosecutable, said Prentiss Cox, an associate professor at the University of Minnesota Law School and the former head of consumer protection with the Minnesota attorney general’s office.”There are three kinds of consumer protection cases: scum, scam and skim. And this is scum,” Cox said of the cancer swindle. “If someone lies about cancer to take money from people, that’s just scum.”And the most effective way to stop it is to make sure people know that if they’re going to do this, they’re going to jail.”That apparently won’t happen in Smith’s cases. He’s scheduled to be sentenced Jan. 9 in Rice County District Court. His plea agreement calls for no jail time, 10 years of probation, full restitution to identifiable victims and 480 hours of community service.Rheingold said GoFundMe and other fundraising platforms have a duty to ensure their campaigns are legitimate, because the platforms make money from them.”What level of duty do they have to the consumers who use it?” he said. “I would argue pretty strenuously that if somebody is using their platform and committing fraud, they need to demonstrate that they have engaged in some level of due diligence.”Adrienne Gonzalez runs a site called GoFraudMe that tracks GoFundMe scams. Gonzalez, of Richmond, Va., said she’s uncovered more than 220 scams in just over three years. GoFundMe has been better at taking down fraudulent campaigns, she said, but the site still relies on users to report suspected fraud.”GoFundMe says they’re the safest fundraising platform,” Gonzalez said. “I’m just over here on the other side, saying, ‘Look, these things happen.’?” ©2018 Star Tribune (Minneapolis) Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. Citation: GoFundMe scams: ‘I don’t think anyone’s got their arms around it’ (2018, October 30) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-gofundme-scams-dont-arms.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further A Faribault, Minn., man has admitted faking cancer and spending the money raised for medical bills on marijuana, liquor, video games and dart tournaments.
SHARE COMMENT Lok Sabha COMMENTS Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Wednesday carried the can for the government, excavating the Congress’ past scandals — Bofors, AgustaWestland, National Herald — and mocking Rahul Gandhi’s “kindergarten-level” understanding, on a day when paper planes and arguments flew thick and fast in the Lok Sabha. The NDA ally Shiv Sena joined the Opposition ranks during a stormy debate on Rafale deal.Jaitley rejected the demand for a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) probe into the deal, accusing Congress President Rahul Gandhi of “manufacturing lies” to tar the government. Amid loud protests by the AIADMK MPs over the Cauvery issue — a move dubbed by Rahul Gandhi as a “ploy” by the BJP to disrupt the debate — Trinamool Congress veteran Saugata Roy was vivid in his description of the Finance Minister acting as a “shield” for Prime Minister Narendra Modi. PM criticisedThe PM was criticised for his absence in the House during a debate which questioned his role in the purchase of about ₹60,000-crore worth Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCAs) from the French manufacturer Dassault Aviation, and award of offsets to the newly-minted Reliance Defence Ltd at the cost of public sector Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL).“They cannot find a single BJP MP in the Lok Sabha to defend the government. They have to import a Member from the Rajya Sabha, who is not the Defence Minister to carry out the job… And like Meghnad of the Ramayana, the Meghnad of Rafale hides behind the smoke screen you have created,” said Saugata Roy.While the PM remained absent, Jaitley led the charge from the Treasury Benches, describing Congress President as a “liar” and obstructing his move to quote a taped recording of claims by a Goan Cabinet Minister of alleged confession by former Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar storing files related to Rafale purchase. To Rahul Gandhi’s charge — the PM “does not have the guts to face Parliament and hides in his room” favouring his “dear friend and failed businessman Anil Ambani” — Jaitley said, “It is a tragedy that the Grand Old Party which was headed by legends in the past is now headed by a gentleman who doesn’t have basic understanding of a combat aircraft.”On PM’s interviewGandhi, on his part, was equally belligerent, taking pot-shots at the PM for giving a “staged interview” while Parliament is in session and choosing to stay absent in the House. “He (Modi) spoke for 90 minutes during a staged interview but still did not answer relevant questions on Rafale,” said Gandhi.The Opposition, especially Jaidev Galla of the TDP and Mohammad Salim of CPI(M), accused the government of “misleading the Supreme Court”, whose judgment on Rafale they are now quoting as a “clean chit”. “You told the Supreme Court that the pricing details of deal have been shared with the CAG and the report of the CAG has been examined by the PAC. This is patently untrue. The government has misled the Court and such a claim is contempt of Parliament,” said Jaidev Galla. Kalikesh Singh Deo of the Biju Janata Dal (BJD) said none of the issues pertaining to Rafale has been addressed. “Like a good lawyer, he has cherry-picked the facts,” said Singh Deo.Shiv Sena joins inThe Shiv Sena surprised members in the House with its MP Arvind Sawant joining the Opposition in demanding a JPC into Rafale. “ We believe there are issues in denying HAL a contract in favour of a company that has no record in Defence manufacturing and owes thousands of crores of debt. What was the head of this company doing in a delegation which went with the PM to France? We need to clear the air over this,” said Sawant. Published on January 02, 2019 SHARE SHARE EMAIL Jaitley rejects demand for a JPC probe; accuses Rahul of manufacturing lies politics
RELATED SHARE SHARE EMAIL File Photo Published on May 10, 2019 COMMENT Microphones will fall silent and high-octane poll campaigning will end on Friday evening in the national capital as the 48-hour silence period kicks in from 6 pm ahead of the Lok Sabha elections. All seven parliamentary constituencies in Delhi will vote on May 12 as part of the sixth phase of the polls. “The campaigning will end this evening as the 48-hour silence period will kick in at 6 pm today which would stay till 6 pm on Sunday,” Ranbir Singh, Delhi CEO, told reporters. As many as 523 polling locations have been identified till date as critical, he said. “Special paramilitary forces will be deployed there, besides webcasting and CCTV facilities. Micro-observers would also be there. We have made all arrangements for smooth polling,” he said. No campaigning shall be allowed beyond the 6 pm limit, including on social media, Singh said. “All print ads need to be pre-certified for any publication in newspapers,” he added. As many as 164 candidates are in fray in the polls, which are largely been seen as a three-way contest among the BJP, Congress and AAP. COMMENTS political campaigns SHARE The political war goes online